New York City in Arabic Poetry

In the fall of 2016, I wrote an essay for my Modern Arabic Poetry class about the city of New York in the work of Arab poets.  I discuss how Sa’adi Youssef, Adonis, and Amjed Nasser use New York metonymically to criticize the United States, relying on its concrete physical and social features to discuss abstract elements of American society.  Read the essay here (Arabic only).